Hernia in general is the protrusion of the body tissue through a wall cavity in which it is contained. Ventral hernia is one of the common forms of hernia from which people suffer. In this condition, the wall of the abdominal cavity protrudes, which results in the bulging of the abdominal wall. Muscles and body tissues surround the abdominal organs. These muscles and tissues keep the organs inside the cavity. This condition can be cured, but the treatment procedure is very difficult. Ventral hernia is also known as incisional hernia as it occurs due to an unhealed surgical incision. This condition occurs mostly in the abdominal area. This condition is extremely dangerous and is treatable.
Causes of Ventral Hernia
The major reasons for the cause of ventral hernia are:
- Weakened abdominal walls: The weakened abdominal wall cavity can lead to ventral hernia
- Infected Surgical wound: The surgical wound that gets infected after an operation is also a reason that can cause a ventral hernia
- Hematoma: If the blood clot takes place in the region of surgical incision, then it may also lead to ventral hernia
- Malnourishment: If the patient does not take proper diet after the operation, then healing of the wound might slow down
- Stitches: The stitches might be opened if the strain is applied to the newly stitched areas. This can lead to the infection in that area, which may further lead to ventral hernia
- Obesity: It is the reason that can slow down the process of healing after the operation
- Age: Aged people face difficulty in healing of the wounds. This makes older people more susceptible to hernia than others
- Coughing: Suffering from intense coughing can also lead to ventral hernia. Intense coughing can lead to the rupture of the area that was operated, which may lead to the slow healing of the wound.
What are the symptoms:
- Bulging of the abdomen
- An abdominal lump that pains a lot
- The abdominal lump goes inside when added little pressure
- Redness of the skin over the abdominal lump
- Inability of having proper bowel movements or passing of gas
- Suffering from high fever
- Less production of urine
- Severe nausea and vomiting
The treatment of ventral hernia takes place by using surgical procedures. Some of the surgical procedures are:
- Abdominal ventral hernia: In this procedure, the abdominal muscles are supported and the protruding organs are replaced. This operation is known as Herniorrhaphy. An incision is made during this method. After using this procedure the recovery takes a lot of time
- Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia repair: In this procedure, repair is done by using the laparoscopic technique. A small incision is made through which the camera and the instruments are inserted for operation. For quick recovery, the patients are advised to follow a particular precaution after the surgery
The doctors advise patients who undergo these treatments to take necessary precautions against the respiratory infections. This is because having severe coughing or sneezing can put strain on stitches and can open the wound.
In some cases, doctors carry out ventral Hernia by using mesh or even certain synthetic material. Meshes help in holding the weakened tissues, which prevent them from rupturing.
There are some treatment methods other than surgical operation that can be used for ventral hernia, which are:
- Having a diet rich in fiber and having lots of liquid. This can prevent constipation
- One should try to avoid smoking
- Regular exercise and weight lifting should be done by using proper garments
- One should treat cough issues if they suffer from any
Some of the medicines that are advised for treatment of the ventral Hernia are:
Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory drug: These medicines help in reducing the symptoms that are associated with ventral hernia, which includes pain and swelling. Some of these medicines help in reducing the fever.
Steroids: This medicine helps the patient suffering from ventral hernia by reducing the inflammation.
Antibiotics: Antibiotics are advised to the patient so that any possibility of infection may be prevented. These medicines prevent the chance of suffering from bacterial infection. One should take these medicines unless the doctor advises not to have them.
The complications involved in Ventral Hernia
If one fails to get treatment for Ventral Hernia, then it can result in serious life-threatening complications. One can minimize the risk of complications by following the treatment as suggested by a doctor. The issues that can occur due to ventral hernia are:
- Obstructions in bowel
- Strangulation of intestine
- Death of tissues and gangrene
- Nerve damage
These issues are the most common issues that one can face while suffering from ventral hernia. Some of the patients also suffer from the feeling of nausea and vomiting. Some even suffer from high fever too.
Ventral Hernia is a dangerous disease and it should be treated once diagnosed. The diagnosis of this disease is confirmed only by carrying out certain tests, which are abdominal ultrasound, CT scan and Laparoscopy test. In an abdominal ultrasound, the caregiver can see the tissues and the organs of the abdomen. A CT scan tells the caregiver the reason behind the cause of ventral hernia. Once you get diagnosed positive for ventral hernia, then you must start following the treatments as advised by the doctor. You might be asked to take medicines first or you can even be advised to undergo a surgery depending on your condition. Once surgery is done, then you are advised to change your lifestyle and to get rid of some habits. This is done to avoid any other complication that might occur in the future. Taking proper care of the precautions is important. There is no need to panic if you are diagnosed with ventral hernia, as it is a curable disease. The only things that you must take care are the precautionary measures to avoid complications and further occurrence of ventral hernia.