What is a sweat rash?
This disease or condition you will find comes attached with many different titles. A sweat rash is also known as:-
- Miliaria Rubra,
- Miliaria crystalline,
- Miliaria profunda,
- Miliaria pustulosa,
- Prickly heat,
- heat rash
- sweat rash
But with the name of Miliaria do not mix the name up with that of Malaria.
You will find that this sweat rash will show itself as small itchy patches of skin over your body, in hot and humid areas such as tropical countries and also in the summer. You will find that it does not matter how old you are, you can be prone to this condition. However, you may find that it is normally children and babies who will suffer from it in majority as they do not have fully developed sweat glands as yet.
Miliaria Rubra – This is most common form of the condition.
As mentioned in the heading, Miliaria Rubra is the most often seen version of this condition, which basically means that there is an obstruction which causes a leak. Sweat leaks into the internal layers of the Epidermis, which are the deeper layers of skin. This leakage is what causes the recognizable redness and spotty appearance as it causes a reaction under the skin which is why the condition holds the name Rubra, meaning redness.
This does not always stop at just spots and rashes; it can cause more lesions looking like blisters on the skin which are larger than the most recognized spots. You will often experience itching and pins and needles with this condition. The pins and needles tend to occur if there is a lack of sweating, this can also cause heat exhaustion as there is a lack of sweating, in more severe conditions can cause heat stroke.
However, you will find that this will only happen if the rash is affecting a large proportion of your body and the person with the rash continues to build up their body heat, i.e. in sport, or moving about in the sunshine etc. If you only have the sweat rash on your arm only or a very small part of your body, then these extreme reactions will not arise.
What causes a sweat rash?
You will find that sweat rashes can be caused by the Candida Yeast infection. Trapped sweat or perspiration can cause the rash to develop, causing a highly irritating itchy rash; it can be unsightly and visibly red. You will find that it is hard to predict when you will develop a skin irritation such as this as you will get it sometimes while you are on the beach with your children in the heat, but not when you are working out at the gym causing yourself to sweat heavily.
The most common area of infection from sweat rashes will occur where the skin irritates itself such as:-
- Under arms,
- Back of the knees,
- Under your breasts,
- Under the chin.
After you involve yourself in any activity where you are going to be sweating a lot then you may like to consider having a wash regular with tepid water with very mild soap.
What are the symptoms of Sweat rash?
There are many signs and symptoms of the sweat rash which include ‘Papules’ which you will find is acircumscribed lump of skin which is fairly solid to the touch. They can vary in size from as tiny as a pin head to as large as 1cm. The color of these papules will also vary; you may suffer them in red, purple, brown and pink.
Be careful not to scratch where possible as you can take the tops of them causing infection and making them form a crust over the top making them look even more unsightly and they can scar if you scratch the top off too often. The symptoms of this condition are listed for your reference which is as follows:-
- Small red rashes (Papules).
- Pins and needles.
Self-care guidelines for the condition.
The best advice that you can receive is to make sure that you take care of the conditions in which are likely to cause the condition. Keep yourself cool as much as is possible, Ibuprofen you will find will help to control the fever and the inflammation. The fever can be another cause for the condition, so as soon as you realize that you have a fever, take the tablets to aid the reduction of the fever and in doing so will reduce the chance of developing the condition. Remove tight clothing, reduce the amount of heat inducing activities that you are doing and place yourself in a cooler environment. If this is difficult then maybe try some cold compresses to keep you cool and a cool wash. Drink plenty of fluids, as you lose a lot of bodily fluids when you are sweating.
Treatment of the condition.
When you discover that you have this condition, first and foremost, have a cool wash, bath or shower with little or no soap and keep yourself cool and avoid heat inducing activities. Whether you have had this condition before or not, you should consult a medical practitioner for help and advice. You can buy a prickly heat powder from the local pharmacy for this condition which may be of help to you. More often than not it will be topical treatments or oral treatments; this is basically something like a cream or a tablet.
There will be rare occasions where the condition needs further treatments. An example of this would be in a case where dehydration has developed; this will be treated by intravenous drip, especially if you have gotten to the point in dehydration where you have been vomiting. If you have become so hot that you have developed heat stroke then you will be admitted to hospital for treatment which will include the treatment for the heat rash itself, but also treatment to return your core temperature to its normal heat.