Gallstones are small stones in the gall bladder. These stones can be as small as sand and as large as a golf ball. Biliary Colic is the irritation of the Viscera secondary to cholecystitis and gallstones. Referred simply as Colic, a severe pain lasts from 30 minutes to a few hours. This pain can occur either in the upper quadrant of the body or even in the mid chest with cholelithiasis. The recent study associates the Biliary Colic with dilation of the Biliary tract, elevation of plasma liver enzyme and alkaline phosphate.
Causes of Biliary Colic
There are a few reasons for the cause of Biliary Colic. One of the reasons for the cause of Biliary Colic is the obstruction of the common bile duct by a gallstone. This Biliary Colic is termed as Cholelithiasis. The other reason behind the cause of Biliary Colic disease is the inflammation of the gall bladder. The functional disorders that may be associated with the functional disorders of the Biliary tract are also another reason for the cause of this disease. This disease also occurs in those patients who have their Gall bladder removed. The reason behind this may be due to the gallbladder system not functioning properly. The other reason that is responsible for the cause of Biliary Colic is the damage to the gallbladder through gangrene, polyps in the gallbladder and tumors of the gall bladder.
Those who have Biliary Colic usually complain about an ache or feeling of pressure in their upper abdomen. This pain occurs somewhere around the breastbone or in the upper-right part of the abdomen. This pain of Biliary Colic in some people shifts to the back of the right shoulder. Some people also complain about having a feeling of nausea or even vomiting. When a person has a very fatty meal and even if, a person has a lot of food after fasting.
Treatment of Biliary Colic
Painkillers reduce the pain of the Biliary Colic largely. There are chances though that the use of painkillers can increase the pain of Biliary Colic. Some patients who complain of severe pain are hospitalized too. Intravenous painkillers injection reduces the pain of the hospitalized patients. A lot of fluid is also lost due to vomiting.
The permanent treatment of Biliary Colic is by using the endoscropic removal of the stones from the gall bladder. This process of removal of the gallstones is known as cholecystotomy.
There is also another step in which the gall bladder is completely removed from the system this process is known as cholecystectomy.
Endoscopic sphincterotomy surgery is required if the Biliary Colic is caused by a blockage between the bile duct and the intestine.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a procedure during the endoscopy to find the gallstones, or any other issue. In this procedure, dye is applied to the endoscopy tube. The dye applied to the endoscopy tube helps in viewing of both bile ducts and pancreas. If there are stones, then they are removed during this procedure.
Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration is a process in which a doctor puts a laparoscope inside the abdomen to see if there are any stones. If there are stone then he removes these stones from the body.
There are other treatment procedures as well which are as follows:
- Antibiotics help in fighting against an infection. This drug helps in completely sorting out the issue.
- Antinausea medicines help them whose vomiting and nausea issue gets worse.
- There are certain oral medicines that on consuming help in dissolving the gallstones and removing them from the system. If in some cases, the surgery is an unsafe option of treating the disease, and then in those cases oral medicines help in dissolving the gallstones.
As you can see in the picture is the representation of the gallbladder and the presence of pebble like gallstones in the gallbladder.
Prevention is better than cure, so is true in this case as well. If you want to avoid falling prey to this disease then you must try to avoid the following:
- You should try to limit or stop taking alcohol. This is because having alcohol damages the liver and this in return causes a risk of getting Biliary Colic.
- Chances of Biliary Colic are much in those who are overweight. The individuals should gradually try to reduce their weight as reducing the weight completely can also cause Biliary Colic.
- Exercise is the easiest way of preventing the Biliary Colic disease.
- One should try to avoid healthy food that includes vegetables and fruits. The food must be low in fat and cholesterol. This would easily reduce the risk of getting Biliary Colic.
Biliary Colic has been yet another disease that is known to us. It may not be as fatal as other diseases but still being a disease, we should know very well about what this disease actually is the reasons for this disease to occur and how preventive steps can be taken to avoid this disease. If all these things are taken into consideration than one can easily live a peaceful life without any health issue at all. The basic steps towards ensuring prevention against Biliary Colic disease are as follows. One should avoid consuming things like fatty food and alcohol that can increase the risk of getting Biliary Colic. One should do plenty of exercise as it also helps in the prevention of Biliary Colic disease. Weight check is very important. You must make sure that you do not gain excessive weight so that you can prevent this disease from occurring. This disease is not fatal, but very easily hand able if the disease is diagnosed in its earlier stages. If you feel any sort of discomfort then go to a doctor and let him, take a few tests of yours. You should be proactive in these sorts of things. Just visit a nearby doctor, get some test done and the rest of the things will just get fine.