Yeast infection occurs in the parts of the body that are moist. Yeast infection in the genital areas can occur in both men and women. The yeast infection can spread to male or female, if they get involved in sexual intercourse with those who suffer from yeast infection. The men might face yeast infection on the tip of their penis while the women might face vaginal yeast infection. Candida fungus is responsible for causing vaginal yeast infection or yeast vaginitis. Vaginal yeast infection is a very common disease among women. Every woman suffers from vaginal yeast infection at some point of time in her life. In vaginitis, the patient suffers from the inflammation in the vagina. It is not necessary that the presence of yeast in the vagina may cause vaginal yeast infection. Sometimes the yeast might be present in the vagina, but it might not lead to an infection.
Causes of Vaginal Yeast Infections
The main reasons behind the cause of vaginal yeast infections are:
The vaginal yeast infection occurs in the vagina if the yeast enters the vaginal areas or if the yeast level in the vagina increases
- Use of certain antibiotics for the treatment of the urinary tract or respiratory related infection removes the bacteria present in the vagina allows the yeast to multiply
- The injury to the inner vagina may lead to the occurrence of vaginal yeast infection. The injury in the inner vagina may occur due to chemotherapy among women
- Women who have suppressed immune systems due to the intake of cortisone medication develop vaginal yeast infection
- The women who use vaginal sprays or vaginal hygiene products are susceptible to get vaginal yeast infection
- The women who suffer from diseases like diabetes also have a chance of getting vaginal yeast infection
- Women who use contraceptives or who are pregnant also may suffer from vaginal yeast infection
Symptoms of Vaginal Yeast Infections
Itchiness in the vagina is one of the main symptom involved in the vaginal yeast infection includes. The other symptoms of the vaginal yeast infection are:
- Burning sensation in the vagina
- Soreness in the vagina
- Pain that may occur during the intercourse or even during urination
- Thick white colored discharge may occur from vagina that is odorless
If a white thick discharge comes out from your vagina, then you may have vaginal yeast infection. The other symptoms of the vaginal yeast infections may also occur due to other diseases so in order to rule out the fact that you may suffer from vaginal yeast infection, a proper diagnosis is required. The doctor may scrap out a specimen from the infected area and may do a microscopic analysis on the collected specimen. This is considered as the most inexpensive and accurate way of diagnosing the patient for vaginal yeast infection.
The occurrence of moisture in the vagina leads to vaginal yeast infection so you must avoid the moisture in the vagina. Wearing tight innerwear can increase the chances of vaginal yeast infection, so you must avoid the use of tight innerwear. You must avoid the use of scented sanitary products as they might irritate the vagina. These products can reduce the bacteria present in the vagina and can lead to vaginal yeast infection. Once you are out of the shower, you must try to dry yourself completely before you wear any clothing. You must was your underwear before you wear them. If you suffer from diabetes, then you must keep your blood sugar levels under control. You must try to avoid staying in wet clothing for a long time like bathing suit or wet gym clothing.
Treatment of Vaginal Yeast Infections
Most of the medications for the vaginal yeast infection are easily available without any prescription. Antifungal medicines are used for the treatment of the vaginal yeast infections. When more than one microbe causes the infection, then combination of treatments is used. The antifungal creams used for vaginal yeast infection are butoconazole, clotrimazole, and miconazole. Doctors advise the use of vaginal tablets over the oral medications for the treatment of the vaginal yeast infection.
Some women might find themselves more susceptible to vaginal yeast infection than other women. They might face recurrent vaginal yeast infection. This may be a sign that they might be suffering from an underlying health condition that might be decreasing their immunity. In this situation, one must go through aggressive treatment.
In pregnancy, yeast infection is very common. If you feel as if you are suffering from yeast infection, then you must visit a doctor. During pregnancy, the doctors would not prescribe you oral antifungal medications.
Occurring of vaginal yeast infection among women is very common. The women who may suffer from conditions that may decrease their immunity are more susceptible to vaginal yeast infection. These conditions may include cancer or pregnancy. The women who take steroids and oral contraceptives may also face an increased chance of getting vaginal yeast infection. The one main step of avoiding the occurrence of the vaginal yeast infection is by preventing the occurrence of moisture. You can avoid the occurrence of moisture in the vaginal area by the use of cotton underwear or by using underwear with crotch. Avoiding the use of wet clothes can also help in reducing the vaginal yeast infection. Some women have yeast in their vagina yet they do not face any issues involved in the vaginal yeast infection. In such cases, there is no need of treatment at all. If you feel like you have the symptoms related to the vaginal yeast infection or even after using over the counter medications have not helped your situation, then you must visit a doctor. If you suffer from the vaginal yeast infection on a regular basis, then you must try to follow your doctor’s medication and along with that, you must take certain precautions from your side. These precautionary measures may include wearing loose clothing, clean underwear and washing yourself and drying off carefully.