Skin rash is one of the main symptoms associated with HIV. HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus leads to AIDS. AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV. HIV is a virus, which weakens the body of those who are infected by this virus. It damages the body’s defensive system so that it cannot fight with infection. HIV rashes generally occur two weeks after the infection takes place. The symptoms related to the HIV rash can vary depending on the cause. Hence, it becomes very important to identify the symptoms so that one can determine the type of rash that you have.
Causes of HIV Rashes
Infection by HIV virus is the main reason for the cause of the HIV rash. The HIV virus is passed from one person to another through several ways. The first way by which the HIV virus is passed is through sexual intercourse. The other way by of passing of HIV is through the contact with HIV infected blood. The other way of being infected by HIV is by use of infected syringe. If you feel like you have the HIV virus, then it is advisable that you take an HIV test. The HIV virus is tracked or diagnosed only three months after infection has occurred.
Symptoms of HIV Rashes
Those who test positive for HIV may face the issue of HIV rash. Those who suffer from the HIV disease may develop a rash. The symptoms related to the rash may develop 2-4 weeks after the person is infected. Some of the people infected with HIV may not get the rash. You must also understand that having rash does not mean that you have contracted HIV. Various issues may lead to the development of a rash. One must speak to a physician if skin ulcers develop that may lead to bacterial infection. One may even suffer from the heat rashes, eczema or rashes that may develop due to stress. The basic symptoms of an HIV rash may include:
- Brown or red colored skin bumps may occur. These bumps are dark colored.
- The rashes develop mostly in the areas of hand, feet or the trunk area of the body.
- Blisters may appear in the mouth, genitals as well as the eyes.
- Pimple may start to appear near the hairs on the body.
- Some people may suffer from itching in the affected area.
- Acute symptom may include peeling of the skin that may even cause blisters.
- Rashes may lead to development of fever, diarrhea, headaches, weight and vision problem.
- Swollen glands, muscle pains, loss of memory, extreme fatigues, painful and regular fevers are not explainable.
- The HIV rash might get worse if the person suffers from the herpes disease. It may be a red colored rash appearing as fluid filled blister.
The symptoms related to HIV are:
- Night sweats
- Weight loss
Several other skin rashes are Molluscum contagiosum, Tinea, Psoriasis, and hives
Rashes during the third stage of HIV, known as symptomatic HIV are more concentrated. It is a symptom that a part of the HIV stage, which lasts for at least three years. This type of rash may show up especially on the scalp, face and armpit. Those who suffer from HIV must take care of their immune system so that they can defend themselves against the disease.
Treatment of HIV Rashes
A correct diagnosis of rash is required before any treatment can begin. HIV rashes last for at least 2 weeks. On seeing a skin rash, the patient must visit a physician and must get himself checked for HIV. There is no particular therapy for the HIV infection. Some drugs can help in relieving the irritation or itchiness caused. If anyone uses an antiretroviral drug, used for treatment of HIV, then they might also suffer from rashes caused by the medicine. Nevirapine, abacavir, and tipranavir are some of the medicines that may lead to rashes.
The main method of preventing the HIV rash is by avoiding the HIV from occurring. This main way that you can prevent HIV rash is by ensuring to have safe sex and by avoiding blood transfusion.
The physician may advise the following to control the situation:
- Avoid extreme hot baths, showers, and sunlight. Heat can play a major role in increasing the rash and itchiness
- Take baths or showers, which are cold
- You must try to wear light clothing
- Try to keep the affected area uncovered as clothing may lead to irritation
- You must keep a detail of the food items or soaps that you must have used before the rash occurred
HIV rash is a symptom of suffering from HIV disease. If you feel that you are suffering from an HIV rash, then just go to a physician and get yourself tested for the HIV infection. If once you are tested positive, then the treatment for the HIV would begin immediately. In HIV, the immune system of the body starts getting weaker every day. The immune system after some fight fails to fight against the virus further, which leads to the occurrence of symptom like HIV rashes. There is no particular treatment for HIV. The main reason for the cause of HIV is the sexual intercourse in which there is an involvement of an infected partner. The other reason for the spread of the infection is because of the contact with the infected blood. The most important thing that you must do is to keep a tab on the symptoms of the HIV. Though the symptom related to the HIV are seen only after three months of infection, but still you must start the process of treatment for the disease as soon as possible. Some of the time, medicines used for the treatment of HIV also cause the HIV rash. Before going to the treatment of the disease, it is very important to know the reason why exactly the patient is suffering.