This article will focus on another condition called Hyponatremia. We will try to give you an idea as to what the condition is and how you can treat it properly without experiencing any trouble in the future. You will also be able to see how it affects the patients that already experience the condition and how you can effectively deal with it.
Definition of Terms
Hyponatremia refers to a condition that has to do with the cellular metabolism of the body that causes it to not have enough sodium or salt in the external fluids from the external parts of the physical host’s cellular makeup. Just like any other condition, it has alternative names that you should remember. Some of these names are as follows.
- Dilutional Hyponatremia
- Euvolemic Hyponatremia
- Hypervolemic Hyponatremia
- Hypovolemic Hyponatremia
If you encounter some of these scenes, it is most likely that it would refer to the same condition. The continued, here are some of the major causes of Hyponatremia that you need to take note of.
Major Causes of Hyponatremia:
Knowing the following causes will allow you to avoid them as necessary. It follows
- Liver Cirrhosis
- Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (Siadh)
- Congestive Heart Failure
- Diuretic Medications
- Kidney Diseases
This will also keep you aware of any significant change in your body that may lead to the development of this disease. In association with this, it is important that you also note the various symptoms that may indicate the lack of sodium in your system. Here are some of the following symptoms that you need to keep in mind. By knowing this, you will be well prepared for the future.
Though is a list of possible symptoms that may mean that you would have insufficient sodium in your system. If you have any of these symptoms, it is important that you are able to go to your doctor right away for your sodium levels to be increased immediately.
- Loss Of Appetite
- Abnormal Mental Status
- Decreased Consciousness
- As Muscle Weakness
- Muscle Spasms Or Cramps
If you go to the doctor right away to try and treat the condition, you will have to undergo some series of tests in order to determine the specific type of condition that you have. Here are some of those tests as follows:
- Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (Includes Blood Sodium)
- Urine Sodium
- Osmolality Blood Test
- Urine Osmolality
By doing these tests, the doctors will be able to determine what kind of treatment methods they can recommend for you as the patient. Here are some of the possible treatment methods that you can have.
Possible Treatment Methods
The mode of treatment will depend upon the cause of your condition. Most of the time, it can be caused by cancer in which case chemotherapy and radiation therapy can be done for this specific condition. Surgery can also be done to remove the tumors that can cause swelling the brain.
In addition to this, there are other forms of treatment that you can consider as well. These are as follows.
- Intravenous fluids
- Water Restriction
This is why is important for you to find out the direct cause of your condition before seeking treatment. In addition to this, it will be most beneficial if you incur Hyponatremia over a long period of time rather than it happening over a shorter period. If it happens gradually, your body will have time to modify in adherence to the dehydration and cellular swelling will be minimal for the patient.
Complications of Hyponatremia
Here are some possible complications for the condition if left untreated.
- Brain Herniation
- Possible Coma
To continue, always remember that Hyponatremia is a very serious condition so you should always be prepared to contact your Physician right away in case you would experience any of the above mentioned symptoms during your lifetime.
Prevention Of Hyponatremia
Drinking lots of fluids will help prevent this condition from ever occurring inside your body. If you are into sports, make sure that you have a lot of drinks with electrolytes so that you would not experience any of the symptoms that could possibly lead to this condition in the future.
Additional Information: The Importance of Sodium
Sodium is most commonly found in the body fluids outside the cells. This is an important component when it comes to maintaining blood pressure. It will also help maintain proper nerve and muscle function.
When the amount of sodium in external fluids drops significantly, water will move into the cells to try to balance things out. This will be the main cause of swelling within the cells. Swelling can be dangerous for a specific group of cells in the body. Particularly, this holds true for brain cells because the skull will limit their ability to accommodate more water inside the brain.
Basic Conditions Related To Hyponatremia
- Euvolemic hyponatremia — Total internal water levels increase; sodium is constant.
- Hypervolemic hyponatremia — Sodium and water increase within the body, but the water amount is larger.
- Hypovolemic hyponatremia – Greater sodium loss in the body than water loss
In addition to this, in the U.S. alone Hyponatremia is known to be the most common disorder that can be related to electrolyte reduction in the body.
It is for this reason that you should be able to learn all that you can about Hypernatremia so let you would be able to make sure that you would not incur the condition or more so prevent other people from experiencing it in the future.
In addition, you should not hesitate to ask your doctor about Hyponatremia so that you will have a reliable source in terms of data regarding the condition. This being said, the most important thing to remember is that you should not neglect drinking lots of water every day especially if you’re into lots of physically demanding activities in your schedule. In this way, you will not be dehydrated and the cells in your body will have enough supply of sodium in the future.