Vegan Diet During Pregnancy: Is It Safe when You are Pregnant

What Is the Vegan Diet?

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A vegan diet refers to a way of living that tries to exclude all types of animal food, whether for food, or any other purpose. For these reasons, the vegan diet is bare of all animal products including eggs, meat, and dairy. People try to follow a vegan diet for different reasons. These commonly range from ethics to environmental concerns, but they can also stem from a wish to improve health.

A vegan diet is normally good and shown to provide several health benefits. Generally, it is a plant-based diet that has a low risk of obesity, heart problem, diabetes, and hypertension.

Eating different types of plants and skipping high cholesterol and saturated fat-both of which are present in several animal products can be good for you. But is it suitable for Pregnant Women?

Some essential nutrients are necessary during pregnancy. However, a balanced vegan diet can offer every nutrient during all stages of life, including pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Additionally, a diet with plenty of vegetables and fruits may help to protect you from complications of pregnancy, such as gestational diabetes and preeclampsia. A plant-based diet during pregnancy may also lower the risk of some diseases like eczema, asthma, cancer, and diabetes in the baby. Consult with your dietician to make sure you get essential nutrients during pregnancy.

Benefits of a Vegan Diet During Pregnancy

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A vegan diet can provide benefits to both you and your baby, including:


Lower risk of Preeclampsia

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Preeclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy correlated with organ damage and high blood pressure. According to medical records, 775 health-conscious vegan moms get good prenatal care and are taken as supplements in their diet. Preeclampsia is often linked with rapid weight gain and consuming foods with high saturated fat. A review of the medical records of 775 health-conscious vegan moms who got good prenatal supplementation and care their diet with vitamins discovered that only one grown preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is often linked with high saturated fat foods and rapid weight gain. A healthy vegan diet may save against growing preeclampsia.


Lowered Risk of Gestational Diabetes

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Vegan diets have high fiber, including vegetables, fruits, and whole-grain with low saturated fat may lower the excessive weight gain risk and gestational diabetes. If you get gestational diabetes, a vegan diet may lower your chance of getting a C-section. It may lower insulin need.


Low Risk of Brain Tumours and Neural Tube Defects

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Neural tube defects are birth defects of the spine, brain, or spinal cord that have been linked with a high nitrate consumption during pregnancy. Since smoked and cured fish are the primary sources of nitrates in most diets, vegan diets lower this risk.

Risks of a Vegan Diet During Pregnancy

A vegan diet needs to be diverse and well-planned during pregnancy. If not, it will likely lack essential nutrients such as vitamins B12, protein, vitamin D, DHA, iron, and calcium, which increase the risk of birth defects and low birth weight in the baby.

Vegan diets need to have the following if you are pregnant:

Vitamin B-12

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It is not present in most plant foods, so make sure to take a supplement. Vitamin B-12 is added to all standard prenatal supplements.

Vitamin B12 is essential for a baby’s growth and nervous system. Although a female’s body supplies some vitamin B12, the stored vitamin B12 has not been indicated to be readily found in the fetus. In different words, when you get pregnant, you need to consume vitamin B12 supplements or utilize foods fortified with vitamin B12 each day.

Needs in pregnancy are some more than when you are not pregnant, the suggested amount for pregnancy is 2.6 mg each day.

Several prenatal supplements have vitamin B12 so, this is one way to have it. A different way is to consume a vitamin B12 supplement, and a third way is to consume foods containing rich vitamin B12. Taking a large dose of vitamin B12 lower the absorption percentage, which is consumed into account in the following suggestions. Each day either:

Take each day prenatal vitamin B12 supplement that offers at least 25 mcg of vitamin B12 or

Consume a supplement offering 1000 mcg of vitamin B12 two times per week. Choose chewable or sublingual tablets which help to dissolve under the tongue, since they may help for best absorption or

Consume two servings each day of foods fortified with at least 2-3.5 mcg of vitamin B12 each. You will require to consume these serving at least 4 hours apart to help for optimum absorption.



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Plant-based iron sources include dark green vegetables, beans, nuts, dried fruits, and seeds. You may still need to supplement in the second trimester of pregnancy.

Many females have iron deficiency. Females experiencing iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy have a high risk of pregnancy complications, including premature birth. It is easy to restore iron deficiency before getting pregnant when you only require to meet the iron needs. During pregnancy, your blood volume and iron requirement are higher due to the need of the baby.

Iron’s role in the pregnancy is basically to balance the growth of blood both for the baby and for the more blood supply from the mother. Insufficient iron lead to iron deficiency anemia which can cause raise the risk of a baby’s immature birth.

Vegan diets can have different foods that contain high iron like whole grains and dried beans. When consumed together with iron-rich foods, lemon juice can dramatically enhance iron absorption rates.

Vitamin C sources have citrus juices and fruits, broccoli, and tomato products. Because iron requirements are very high during pregnancy, different females take a low dose of iron supplements.



These are present in prenatal supplements and vegetables. Zinc is important for a baby’s growth. Rich sources have beans, whole grains, seeds, and nuts.



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Calcium requirements are essential considerations during pregnancy due to this mineral baby can grow the teeth and bones. The recommendation for how much calcium females should eat when pregnant is similar to the recommendation for non-pregnant females.

Females absorb and retain extra calcium during pregnancy so, they do not require to boost their consumption, offered it was enough before pregnancy.

All of these foods get around 150 mg of calcium in a serving:

Half cup of calcium-fortified plant milk, tempeh, firm tofu made with nigari and calcium, calcium-fortified orange juice, and calcium-fortified yogurt

Collards, one cup of cooked bok choy, mustard greens, kale, white beans, and okra

2 cups cooked broccoli

2-navel oranges

10-dried figs

2-Tablespoons almond butter or tahini

½ calcium-fortified energy bar

¼ cup calcium-fortified tofu, almonds

To meet calcium requirements during pregnancy, choose at least 5-6 servings of the above foods every day. Additionally, make sure to consume other foods that offer a small quantity of calcium.

Plants that contain rich calcium include collard greens, spinach, and kale.


Omega-3 fats

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The omega-3 fats are healthy and can be discovered in foods like chia seeds, walnuts, and edamame.

Vegan foods consist of Alpha-linolenic acid an important omega-3 fatty acid. Virginia Messina suggests including foods under your diet each day to get sufficient of this fatty acid:

1-teaspoon of flaxseed oil

1-tablespoon of ground flaxseed (note that it must be powdered; otherwise you will not able to absorb the ALA)


2-teaspoons of chia seeds

hempseed, 1-tablespoon of walnut, soy, or canola oil

In addition to the above sources of omega-3, it may be wise to consume each vegan DHA capsule.

Different experts suggest that pregnant females contain DHA in their diet.

Enough DHA helps to lower the risk of getting a premature baby and may boost the brain development of the baby. The vegan female can have DHA from vegan supplements, which have DHA derived from algae. Choose a supplement that offers 200-300 mg of DHA in every capsule.



Pregnant females need about 70 gm of protein every day in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters. Plant foods with high protein have tofu, beans, vegetables, and whole grains.


Vitamin D

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Vitamin D plays many important roles in saving your health, one of which is to help your body to absorb calcium Like calcium, vitamin D needs are not more during pregnancy, but it is still important to get sufficient vitamin D.

People who live in more sun exposure areas have good vitamin D but they still commonly require a supplement during the majority of the year. Those people who do not always have sun, who utilize sunscreen, who live in extra cloudier and northerly parts, and who have darker skin will not create enough vitamin D.

Vegan foods do not have enough vitamin D even if they have supplements. For example, you need to consume more cups of vitamin D fortified vegan milk to meet suggestions for vitamin D.

Most pregnant females should therefore utilize a vitamin D supplement. There are many vegan brands, the RDA for vitamin D in pregnancy is — IU each day.

If you do not get sufficient vitamin D from the sun, you may need to take a supplement with your physician’s advice.


Tips for a Healthy Vegan Diet

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Follow these approaches to ensure that your vegan diet is healthy and will meet every nutritional requirement during pregnancy:


Eat A Variety Of Foods

Add healthy food that is less processed. Add more different vegetables, whole grains, and fruits.


Limit Vegetable Fats

Choose vegetable fats carefully, and ensure to get more omega-3 fats. Less trans fats and tropical oils like palm, coconut, and palm kernel oil.


Get Sufficient Calcium And Vitamin D

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Consume more plants that have high calcium. No diet can offer vitamin D, so ensure equal levels.


Supplement Vitamin B-12

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Since vitamin B-12 comes basically from an animal source, you will require to supplement it.


What To Eat

Well-planned vegan diets should blend nutrient-dense foods with fortified supplements and foods.


Nutrient-rich plant foods

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If you follow a vegan diet during pregnancy, be sure to eat sufficient amounts of the following foods:


Tofu, tempeh, seitan

Soy products are protein-rich and can change meat in different recipes.


Mock meats

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Soy products have rich protein and can change meat in different recipes. Mock meats are a different option but should not take more because they have more salt and fat.



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Pease, beans, and lentils are the best sources of fiber and plant-based protein. Fermenting, sprouting, and cooking can make it easier for the body to absorb.


Nuts and seeds

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Most are a good source of zinc and iron. Eat 1-2 brazil nuts every day to meet your selenium need and much on hemp, flax seeds, walnuts, or chia seed to get alpha-linolenic acid, which is an important omega-3.


Calcium-fortified plant milk and yogurts

These foods make it easy to get sufficient calcium. Choose unsweetened type whenever possible.


Nutritional yeast

It is topped with rich protein and provides vitamin B12 and includes cheesy flavor in dishes.


Whole grains, Pseudocereals, and Cereals

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Additionally, it has rich vitamin B and fiber, these foods offer some zinc and iron. Some grains like amaranth, teff, quinoa, and Spelt particularly have rich protein.


Sprouted or Fermented plant foods

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Items like miso, Ezekiel bread, natto, tempeh, kimchi, pickles, kombucha, and sauerkraut offer vitamin K2 and probiotics. Your body can absorb this nutrient easily.


Fruits and vegetables

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Colorful vegetables and fruits like red, purple, orange, and leafy greens tend to be rich in nutrients and helpful for plant compounds.

You may also wish to consider zinc, iron, and calcium supplements. Although prenatal vitamins are beneficial, several lacks enough choline, vitamin B12, and omega-3s.

That said, extra consumption of some nutrients blocks the absorption of different nutrients. Thus, it is good to talk to your physician offer before including any diet supplement.


Tips To Increase Nutrient Content from The Diet

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Some other small steps can help to make a vegan diet rich in nutrients.

Consuming fortified foods is an easy way to promote the nutrient content of the diet. For example, you should watch out for your yogurt and plant milk containing rich calcium.

Additionally, consuming one Brazil nut every day can help to meet the selenium requirement. Add 2-tablespoons of flax seeds or chia seeds, 1/4 cup of hemp seeds, and walnut in your meals to increase daily ALA requirements.

Moreover, sprouting, fermenting, and cooking with cast iron pans may increase certain nutrients like zinc and iron.


What To Avoid

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If you are following a vegan diet in pregnancy, you will wish to skip some foods beyond meat, eggs, fish, and dairy.

These include:


Although sometimes light drinking may be safe during pregnancy, more research is required. You should consider getting all alcohol during pregnancy.



Experts suggest limiting caffeine consumption to 200-300 mg every day during pregnancy equal to 1-2 cups of coffee.


Highly Processed foods

Vegan cheeses, mock meats, desserts, and plant-based pastries often pack sugar or different additives and no nutrients. As such, you should consume them sparingly. Unwashed produce, raw sprouts, and unpasteurized juice. These items have a high-risk of bacterial contamination, which may increase the risk of food poison and harm to your baby.

Additionally, it is good to skip unnecessarily restrictive types of the vegan diet, such as raw Vega diets and fruitarian. These consuming patterns may affect nutrient consumption.


Supplements To Consider

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Some nutrients are hard or even unable to get from whole plant foods. Many expert physicians suggest relying on the following supplements for a vegan diet in pregnancy:


Vitamin B12

While it may be possible to have sufficient vitamin B12 from fortified foods, a supplement is the easiest way to ensure enough consumption.


Vitamin D

This vitamin may be helpful for a female who has low sun exposure.

Vegan options have lichen-driven vitamin D3 or D2.


Omega-3 fats

Algae oil containing rich DHA and EPA make it the best vegan alternative to consuming fish oil or fish.


Iodine poor soils can make it hard to get sufficient of this nutrient from plant foods. As iodized salt and some seaweed may lead to extra sodium or iodine consumption, a supplement is likely your good option.

Most people in the world experience iodine deficiency. It is particularly daunting during pregnancy since infants who have insufficiency in iodine face a high risk of developmental delays. The most dependable way to get enough iodine during pregnancy is to utilize supplemental iodine. Prenatal supplements offer iodine. Check to see if you have 150 mcg of iodine. If it does not, you can take an iodine supplement. Additional iodine is present in iodized salt. Vegetables can provide another good source of iodine, but their iodine content is not dependable since levels can vary greatly.

Sea vegetables are a rich iodine source, but some sea vegetables have such extra levels of iodine than their normal consumption can lead to health problems.



Some plant foods have some choline, but a supplement is a good bet to cover your need during pregnancy.



Vegan diets are commonly rich in these nutrients. Since folate plays an essential role in controlling birth defects, all pregnant females or women trying to get pregnant are motivated to take folic acid.

Also, consider zinc, iron, and calcium supplements.

Although prenatal vitamins are helpful, most of them do not have enough quantity of vitamin B12 and omega-3s.

That said, extra consumption of some of these nutrients blocks the absorption of different nutrients.

Thus, it is good to talk with your physician before including any supplements in your diet.


A Sample Meal Plan For 1 Week

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This meal plan covers one week’s worth of vegans that have packed several nutrients intended to help in your pregnancy.




Chia pudding is prepared with soy milk and has nuts, seeds, and fruit toppings.


Roasted peppers, quinoa, diced avocados, black beans, and sunflower seeds on a bed of greens and have a topping of basil and lemon vinaigrette.


Tofu and whole-grain penne pasta or seitan-based tomato sauce over arugula



a smoothie containing oats, mango, and spinach


Whole-grain pita chips with black bean dip, salsa, roasted kale chips, and guacamole


Stir fry with rice noodles, tempeh, baby corn, bok choy, vegan teriyaki sauce, and peppers.




Roasted mushroom, breakfast burrito, scrambled tofu, soy cappuccino, and pesto in a whole wheat


Veggie’s sushi rolls, wakame salad, vegan miso soup, and edamame


Red lentil dahl carrots, broccoli, and spinach with wild rice





Overnight oats with a topping of seeds, nuts, and fruit


Sauteed beet greens and tofu mushroom quiche


Baked sweet potatoes topped with tomato sauce, white beans, sauteed collard greens, corn, and avocado.




Homemade granola, plain yogurt, nut butter, fresh fruit, flax seeds, and coconut flakes


noodle soup and tofu with vegetable choice


Kale and black bean chili served with overcooked amaranth




Pancakes topped with plant yogurt, peanut butter, maple syrup, and fruit


Spanish style tortilla prepared with English potatoes, chickpea flour, black beans, and onions on diced peppers and greens


Eat plenty of veggie burgers with carrot coleslaw and red cabbage




Fresh fruit, homemade vegan blueberry with rosemary, plant yogurt, nut butter, and one glass of fortified orange juice.


White bean pumpkin soup with puffed quinoa, shredded red cabbage, pumpkin seeds, and a drizzle of coconut milk


Vegan lasagna with eggplant, seitan, cashew basil spread, zucchini, additional a radish side salad


Healthy Vegan Snacks

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  • Hummus With Vegetables
  • Roasted Chickpeas
  • Trail Mix
  • Homemade Energy Balls
  • Chia Pudding
  • Fresh Fruit With Nut Butter
  • Homemade Muffins
  • Granola With Plant Milk
  • Edamame
  • Plant Yogurt Topped, Fruit And Homemade Granola
  • Popcorn With Nutritional Yeast
  • Cappuccino Or Plant Milk Latte With A Fruit Piece


Which Type Of Vegetarian Diet Is Best During Pregnancy?

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A vegetarian diet commonly removes the meat, but there is more grey. Some vegetarian diets have dairy and eggs. A vegan diet does not have dairy, meat, or eggs. A pescatarian diet is plant-based but has fish. 

If someone is open to lower restrictive consumption during pregnancy.

If you set over a vegan pregnancy or do not wish to adjust your eating habits, you are still best. You will need to manage your eating habits. You will need to add a supplement or vegetarian product like tofu to meet the nutritional requirement of you and the baby.


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