Hypocalcemia condition is also known as the lack of calcium in the blood. Specifically, if you have about 2.1 MMOL/L or 9 Mg/dl, this means that you have Hypocalcemia. There are other characteristics of this condition that you need to take note of. These are as follows.
If there is unusually high levels of protein in the blood it is highly likely that you will develop this condition because the rate of Calcium in your blood will become irregular. When testing for Hypocalcemia, protein and calcium bonds in the blood are measured. One specific type of protein is measured. (Albumin)
However the following diseases may cause the patient to have a low albumin levels in the system. This is why counting ionized calcium will get better results.
- Chronic diseases
- Hepatic diseases
- Eating disorders
- Acquired or hereditary hypoparathyroidism
Patients with this condition have to be monitored because it can be fatal. Patients who have been confined to the hospital for a hefty length of time are more prone to having this condition but it would still depend on the severity and longevity of hospitalization.
Signs and Symptoms of Hypocalcemia
- Tingling sensation in the skin
- Changes of the voice
Eventually, patients will have it muscle cramps in the back or lower extremities. In addition to this, affected patients may also have spasms in the feet and legs. Muscle cramps can also be called Tetany. In addition to this, you can also experience a prickly sensation over your skin. It will feel like pins and needles are jabbing all over your body. A
Aside from the aforementioned physical symptoms a patient with Hypocalcemia may also experience other physical, psychological and emotional changes such as:
- Losing overall mobility
- Rough hair
- Weak nails
- Changes in the personality
- Dry skin
Patients may also experience difficulty in breathing as well as Psoriasis. However, one can ask what causes this condition? Here are some of the following causes that you can focus on.
- Hormonal and vitamin deficiencies, specifically parathyroid hormones and vitamin D
- Irregular eating patterns
- Excessive magnesium intake
- Prolonged medication
- Renal failure
There are many other symptoms that you should watch out for. This is why constant communication with your doctors is very important in order to learn more about the symptoms and signs of Hypocalcemia.
Aside from those mentioned, there are certain diseases that may serve as the major symptom of the condition such as tumor lisis syndrome. In addition, there could also be problems with intestinal absorption. It can also be a result of complications regarding pancreatitis.
Possible Treatment Methods
Treatment for this condition depends on the longevity and severity of the situation that the patient is in. Medications containing calcium salts are used to treat severe Hypocalcemia. Another medication, calcium gluconate as well as calcium chloride is used to treat the condition.
In treating this disease, it is also important to have the patient take in a lot of vitamin D to increase the body’s ability to absorb calcium. In addition to this, calcium chloride is only given to patients with a severe heart condition. Cacitrol is also given to a person who lacks vitamin D.
If in case the patient is on dialysis, oral treatment for Hypocalcemia is not very advisable. As an alternative, doctors can give you the option to take calcium between meals. In addition to this, the doctors can also increase the amount of calcium in dialysate bath as another option.
As for your diet, you should have a calcium intake of at least 1 g per day if you are a Hypocalcemia patient. This would also work for those who have vitamin D deficiency aside from Hypocalcemia. More often than not the medications are introduced intravenously. It can also be seen during medical testing especially during EKG’s or ECG’s.
Prevention of Hypocalcemia
In order to prevent this condition from ever occurring, it is important that you are able to follow certain regimens so that you would be able to live a long and productive life without any kind of complications from lack of calcium in the blood. Here are some of those steps that you should follow.
You have to make sure to have regular sun exposure as much as you can. It will increase the vitamin D absorption that will allow you to take in more calcium into your body.
In addition, dietary changes are in order. You should be able to take in a lot of calcium rich foods in order for you to strengthen your bones and your body as well.
If you can do this, you will be able to relieve yourself of all the symptoms mentioned earlier. As much as possible, you also have to live an active lifestyle to prevent the bones from becoming brittle through the years.
In addition to this, you have to take a lot of iodine to be able to prevent thyroid problems. If not, you might end up not only having thyroid problems but vocal problems as well. Having regular appointments with your doctor to make sure that your blood work as well as your physical examinations turnout for the best is truly advisable.
Ultimately, prevention is always the main key to remember when trying to protect yourself from any kind of life threatening diseases. If you can do this, then you would not have any problems with having low calcium in your bloodstream. You will also be able to live a full and happy life for as long as you can.
Always remember that your health and well-being is the most important gift that you can do if your family. This is why you have to really take care of yourself to become the best person that you can be not only for your family but for your own peace of mind as well.